Physics Major - Career Outcomes

A UScience physics graduate is a skilled problem-solver who is prepared for a variety of career paths in industry, government, and academia. He can become a professional physicist in fields such as nanotechnology, medical physics industry, alternative energy field, and other high-tech fields. His physics training gives him the ability to work as an engineer, medical physicist, materials scientist in universities, national laboratories such as NASA, NIH, NIST, DOE, and FDA, semi-conductor companies like Intel, AMD, biomedical firms, defense contractors such as Boeing and Raytheon, or as a financial analyst at Wall Street. His programming skills allow him to work as a software engineer. He can also work as a program manager or technical writer.

Physics graduates command some of the highest salaries in industry. and CNN have ranked physics graduates among the highest paid professionals in the US. In recent years, the average salary of mid-career US physicists is about $88,000.

Majoring in physics is a terrific first step toward a myriad of careers requiring facility with numbers and scientific or technical concepts. While the physicists of yesterday laid the groundwork for stunning advancements in scientific understanding, those of today are leading the technological revolution in several different fields. And by majoring in physics at a university with a history of strong natural science, health science, life science and pharmaceutical science programs, you will be in an ideal position to find careers connecting physics with a variety of other fields, attend graduate school or pursue professional degrees in engineering, medicine and related fields.

In addition to academic, industrial, and government research, private-sector career choices include:

  • Engineer
  • Medical physicist
  • Software designer
  • Educator
  • Science writer
  • Technical writer
  • Finance jobs

Physics also is a wonderful gateway to other scientific disciplines, including:

  • Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Medicine
  • Nanotechnology
  • Materials science


Elia Eschenazi


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