1. General Standard Operating Procedures:
The General Standard Operating Procedures are fundamental safety precautions which should be familiar to all employees.
These practices should be followed at all times:
Know the physical and health hazards associated with the chemicals and hazardous substances you are using. Carefully read the chemical's label, material safety data sheet (MSDS) and other appropriate sources before using a chemical for the first time. Also review the appropriate Standard Operating Procedure from this Plan and your laboratory. After the potential hazards associated with the chemicals and the experimental processes are evaluated, you can modify work procedures so that laboratory hazards are minimized or eliminated. Always be prepared for what can go wrong. Also, it is important to:
|1.||Know and be aware of the chemical's hazards, as determined from the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and other appropriate references.|
|2.||Know appropriate procedures for emergencies, including fire, spill cleanup, accidental exposure and accidents.|
|3.||Know and be aware of appropriate safeguards for using that chemical/hazardous substance, including personal protective equipment (PPE) and clothing.|
|4.||Wear, at a minimum, disposable nitrile gloves to prevent skin exposure.|
|5.||Wear appropriate eye protection at all times.|
|6.||Know the location and proper use of emergency equipment. These should never be blocked by anything.|
|7.||DO NOT work alone in a laboratory. Someone should be working with you. See Working in Laboratories After Regular Hours in Section II for the "Buddy system" procedure and the procedure for notifying Public Safety.|
|8||Always use chemicals with adequate ventilation or in a chemical fume hood in Section III.|
Know how and where to properly store the chemical when not in use.
Remember: The chemical is actually used for only minutes in the average workday, the rest of the time it is being "stored" on the laboratory bench or in the fume hood. Move chemicals to proper storage areas.
|10.||Avoid contact with any chemical. Always wear a lab coat.|
Know proper personal hygiene practices,
It is recommended that you wash yourself well before leaving the laboratory, use a non-irritating surfactant and water (i.e., soap and water). However, always wear a buttoned lab coat when working in the laboratory, and do not wear it outside the laboratory.
|12.||Know the proper methods of transporting chemicals within the facility.|
|13.||Properly label all chemical containers and waste containers with full chemical names.|
|14.||Wash promptly whenever a chemical has contacted the skin, regardless of corrosivity.|
|15.||Do not sniff or taste chemicals.|
|16.||Do not use mouth suction to pipette anything. Use a pipette bulb or other pipette filling device.|
|17.||Never eat, drink, smoke or apply cosmetics or bring these into the laboratory. Chemical vapors can be absorbed by food stuffs and tobacco.|
|18.||Carefully inspect all protective equipment and clothing before using. Do not use defective protective equipment.|
|19.||Work areas should be kept clean and free from clutter.|
Additional Standard Operating Procedures from this plan are found in Section VII. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP's) specific to a laboratory must be developed and made available in the laboratory by the laboratory supervisor.
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