Q&A ON OSHA’S BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS STANDARD

 WHO IS COVERED UNDER OSHA’S BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS STANDARD?

WHAT ARE THE DEFINITIONS OF BLOOD, BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS AND "OTHER POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS MATERIALS (OPIM)"?

Any unfixed tissue or organ (other than intact skin) from a living or dead human being.

HIV-containing cell or tissue cultures, organ cultures, and HIV- or HBV - containing culture  media or other solutions; and blood, organs, or other tissues from experimental animals  infected with HIV or HBV.

WHERE IS OUR EXPOSURE CONTROL PLAN LOCATED?

Any employee or student may request a copy of the Exposure Control Plan! 

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AND SOME ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV)?

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AND SOME ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV)?

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS AND SOME ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON HEPATITIS C VIRUS (HCV)?

WHO SHOULD CLEAN UP A SMALL SPILL?

See the Biological Safety Emergency Response section for spill clean-up procedures.

WHAT CLEANING AGENTS CAN BE USED TO CLEAN UP A BLOOD/BODY FLUID SPILL?

See the List of EPA-registered disinfectants. It lists registered sterilizers, tuberculocides, and antimicrobials. List A, B. D, and diluted bleach are appropriate. The same disinfectants on these lists are often repackaged and renamed and distributed by other companies. Therefore, just look for the EPA registration # on the label.

HOW DO I CLEAN UP A BLOOD/BODY FLUID SPILL?

DO I HAVE TO GET THE HEPATITIS B VACCINE?

DO I HAVE TO PAY FOR THE VACCINE?

WHAT IS POST-VACCINATION TESTING FOR IMMUNE RESPONSE AND DO I NEED IT?

IF I ATTENDED THE TRAINING CLASS LAST YEAR, DO I HAVE TO GO AGAIN THIS YEAR?

WHAT IS AN EXPOSURE INCIDENT?

WHAT DO I DO IF I HAVE AN EXPOSURE?

Any employement-related injury or illness to faculty or staff is to be reported immediately to the employee's supervisor, including those related to hazardous substance exposures.

    • If it is an emergency, call 911 and Public Safety at X7000.  If Public Safety transports the employee/student to the hospital, someone other than the Public Safety Officer (co-worker, supervisor, etc.) must accompany the injured employee into the medical facility.
    • Do not move a seriously injured person unless they are in further danger.
    • In the event of a hazardous substance exposure, do what is necessary to prevent further injury or illness. (i.e., flush skin or eyes with copious amounts of water for approximately 15 minutes, leave the area and get fresh air for an inhalation exposure) Also, someone should forward the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) to the medical facility.
    • Laboratory incidents (i.e., injury, hazardous substance exposure, fire) involving employees, students, contract laboratory workers or visitors, must also be documented on a Laboratory Incident Report. Principal Investigators or Laboratory Supervisors must complete this form and forward it to the EHRS Department within at least 5 days of the incident.
    • Notify the EHRS Department immediately of any major employment-related accidents that require an overnight stay in the hospital or of the unfortunate death of an employee.

Student and Visitor Accidents/Hazardous Substance Exposures

See the Accident Reporting section in the Safety Manual for more information.

WHERE DO I PUT MY BIOHAZARD WASTE?

Chemo/Cytotoxic and Hazardous Drug/Biotoxin Waste Disposal

Non-contaminated sharps whether plastic or glass, (except needles, syringes and blades), must be placed into blue and white laboratory glassware boxes. (Not in regular trashcans)

While storing biohazard/hazardous material bags and containers in the laboratory, THEY MUST BE KEPT CLOSED, unless adding waste. Before transport from the laboratory, check to make sure that they are sealed and not leaking.

Do not leave a waste container unsecured. (It must be locked up or in a locked laboratory when unattended)

Do not store biohazard waste in hallways or near general traffic. Biohazard waste may be stored at room temperature until the storage container is full, but no longer than 30 days from the date of generation. It may be refrigerated for up to 30 days and frozen for up to 90 days from the date of generation (excluding used sharps). Biohazard waste must be dated when refrigerated or frozen for storage. Storage of biohazard waste in a freezer must be approved by the Environmental Health and Radiation Safety Department.

All bags and containers are available in the Central Stockrooms.

Bring the waste to the appropriate stockroom only if you have been Department of Transportation trained or contact the Central Stockrooms at X8843 or X3141 to schedule a pick-up.

See the Biohazard Waste Disposal procedures in the Biosafety Manual for more information.

HOW CAN I PROTECT MYSELF?

An excellent resource is the CDC's Publication, Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL) which may be found at http://www.cdc.gov/biosafety/publications/bmbl5.

If anyone has any additional questions, please do not hesitate to contact the EHRS Department (X8925).


University of the Sciences in Philadelphia • 600 South Forty-third Street • Philadelphia, PA 19104-4495 • phone: 215-596-8800 • email: safety@usip.edu